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Obesity is an excess deposition of fat in the body. It is difficult to measure body fat but there is a method known as “Body Mass Index” (BMI) by which we can calculate and define a healthy body weight.

                BMI is calculated on the basis of body weight and height by using following formula:


                Body weight (in Kg)    = BMI   (Body weight in kg divided by (height)2 in Mtrs).

                (Height (in Mtrs)2


Following answer will reflect the category under which individual is standing on:

If the answer is:

(a)          Less than 18                       -              under weight

(b)          From 18.1 to 24.9             -              Normal Weight

(c)           From 25 to 29.9                 -              Over Weight

(d)          From 30 to 40                     -              Obese

(d)          Over 40                                -              Morbidly Obese


To survive with obesity, in this world, is not easy. Obesity makes day to day life difficult. The good thing is, it can be controlled and preventable. Obesity can lead into many Social, Physical and Psychological problems.

(A)          SOCIAL PROBLEMS WITH OBESITY: In the society, obese people become funny. They pull more attention of the crowd and look different from others. Common people take enjoy due to funny figure of obese and people make taunt on them. Obesity is a type of social stigma, where nobody accepts obese people. It is reality that obese people can not perform the work as normal people can. During travelling, obese people ignored by pedal rickshaws or auto rickshaws as obese man has heavy weight and take more space than others. His friends don’t want to go even shopping with him because of his poor physical performance. He can’t move faster and he feels difficulty to climb stairs. He is also unable to carry the heavy bags. Because of these friends don’t want to involve him in any task. Obese people can not utilize toilet seats which are generally meant for normal people. There are so many other problems which obese people faced. Due to these social problems obese people feel alone and they hide themselves in their cocoons.

(B)          PHYSICAL PROBLEMS WITH OBESITY:     Obese people have many physical problems such as heart diseases (Cardio Vascular Diseases), Hyper Tension, Brain Stroke, Lungs disease (Respiratory Diseases, Diabetes and some types of carcinoma. Knee joint pain is the most common problem of obese people because they always carry their body weight on the lower limb and knee joint is more vulnerable to be affected. Hyper tension and diabetes mellitus are also commonest diseases seen in obese people. Once hyper tension and diabetes detected, there is much more chances to be kidney diseases, which can cause renal failure. Blurred vision is also common in obese people. They need high power glasses to see normally. Wound healing is delayed in diabetes patients. Sometimes case become so worsen to amputate that part from the body, if possible, specially limbs. It means to say that obesity is the main cause to invite all these physical problems.

(C)          PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS WITH OBESITY:      As obesity leads to hyper tension, obese people feel sleeplessness (Insomnia), Lazy, headache, anxiety. They feel their ignorance by the society and become introvert. In the society, thin people are most desirable and everyone wants to attain zero size figures.


  • Genetic
  • Physiological
  • Food intake and eating disorder
  • Life style


  • Sleeplessness (Insomnia)
  • Sleep apnea (Breathing is irregular)
  • Snoring
  • Shortness of breathe
  • Varicose Vein
  • Gall stones
  • Skin problems due to accumulation of moisture in the folds of skin.
  • Osteoporosis (Bones become weaker due t erosions of bones)


  • Eat balanced diet.
  • Regular exercise.

Prevention of obesity is important because once fat cells formed; they remain in the body forever. Though size of fat cells can be reduced but cannot get rid of them.



                                                                                                                                                         By Arun Kumar Tripathi